Vitamin D Basics

CYP24 Catabolism

Rapidly rising or excessive intracellular levels of vitamin D hormones stimulate the expression of a cytochrome P450 enzyme known as CYP24A1 in cells which contain the vitamin D receptor (VDR). The CYP24A1 enzyme catabolizes 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, 25-hydroxyvitamin D and vitamin D with high specificity, thereby restoring normal intracellular vitamin D hormone levels.  This is an important feedback mechanism that limits excessive and potentially harmful local exposure to vitamin D hormones. In CKD, CYP24A1 can be aberrantly elevated due to processes related to kidney damage and by bolus high-dose treatment with current vitamin D hormone replacement therapies.  Aberrant elevations in CYP24A1 may contribute to widespread vitamin D insufficiency and exacerbate SHPT in CKD patients.


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